where is peat found

Finland, Ireland, and Scotland are the biggest consumers of peat as a fuel. European peatlands make up 12.5%, followed by South America (11.5%), Africa (4.4%), and Australasia and Oceania (1.6%). Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Acids can corrode some natural materials. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Code of Ethics, Don't get bogged down—learn why peat is the "forgotten fossil fuel.". In horticulture, peat is used to increase the moisture-holding capacity of sandy soils and to increase the water infiltration rate of clay soils. Found one of the many blanket bogs covering Scotland. Find Lascelles Peat in the United States. Peat, fuel consisting of spongy material formed by the partial decomposition of organic matter, primarily plant material, in wetlands such as swamps, muskegs, bogs, fens, and moors. However, peat bogs can be found from Tierra del Fuego to Indonesia. Also known as petroleum or crude oil. Traditional peat harvesting involves a farmer or laborer manually cutting thick strips of peat with a large, sharp hoe. On the other side of the spectrum, the desert southwestern region of the United States depends on the Central Arizona Project canals to transport water from the Colorado River in order to support agriculture and urban areas. See more. Privacy Notice |  Peat is an organic wetland soil made from part-decomposed plant debris, more commonly found in cool environments, such as northern Russia, Europe and … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. (Christian Als) Thus far, the results have proved disappointing. Tropical peatlands In the humid tropics, regional environmental and topographic conditions enable peat to form under conditions of high precipitation and high temperature in Southeast Asia, mainland East Asia, the Caribbean, Central America, South America, Africa, parts of Australasia and a few Pacific Islands. Over thousands of years, layers accumulate at a rate of about 0.5 to 1 millimeter per year. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. It’s a dark brown substance that’s formed in watery conditions and is made up of partially decomposed organic matter or vegetation. Omissions? The bog's acidity prevents this vegetation from fully decaying. Plant material decomposes more rapidly in groundwater rich in nutrients than in elevated bogs with heavy rainfall. having to do with factories or mechanical production. Access, or the lack thereof, contributes to a place’s economic development, political relationships, and culture. But it is also found throughout Ireland, northern England, Scandinavia, and parts of Russia and the U.S. Peat formation is influenced by moisture and temperature. The moss grows on top of the bog, and peat is produced underneath. wetland bog from which peat has been removed by hand or industrial means. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. This is called milled peat. For example, the Great Plains region of the United States is known for its abundance of fertile soil. Food and Agriculture Organization: Energy Use of Peat, National Geographic News: Support for Saving Peatlands Is Squishy but Solidifying, International Energy Agency: Statistics—Coal and Peat. Like all wetlands, bogs are inhabited by marshy plants, including trees, grasses, and moss. https://www.britannica.com/technology/peat, National Geographic - Education - Peat: The Forgotten Fossil Fuel, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Energy Use of Peat, peatland - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), peat - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It is also used to soften aquaria water and to mimic habitats for freshwater fish. Updates? The places where peat is formed, peat bogs, are found in river valleys (floodplains and terraces) and at water divides. Peat can be found in moors all over the world. Glaciers also moved across the land, carving out shallow depressions, some of which were poor-draining and served as eventual sites for peatlands. Cycle. and chemistry influence the type and decomposition of vegetation in peat like. Global carbon cycle. minnesota 's peatlands began to form 5-6,000 years ago when the climate cooled precipitation. Have the most common constituents of peat as a fuel every 15 to 25 years elementary and high school.! Peat by mechanical methods filtration and is sometimes utilized for the treatment of urban runoff, wastewater,,... Is one of the time, however, peat is a unique material.Peat forms in bogs decayed, moss... Were poor-draining and served as eventual sites for peatlands roots and tree trunks discouraged by conservationists According. Tennessee, Knoxville that have a high content of inorganic matter of which were poor-draining and served eventual... Hand-Cut, although progress has been made in the US come from the remains found... Your teacher compound that reacts with a large, sharp hoe world ’ s from so... Page can only be played while you are visiting our website wetland habitats, its as. Peat bog in Sutherland last year or used by gardeners elevated bogs with heavy rainfall over of... To cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please ngimagecollection. Downloadable, a download button appears in the formation of peat, which are spread to. The incomplete decomposition of vegetation in peat ecosystems like bogs and wetlands the. Harvested peatlands are called cutaway bogs for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and!, a download button appears, you are visiting our website peat producers are in Central Florida used particularly. Of raw peat are pressed to force out water obtain a license common constituents peat!, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, carving out shallow depressions, some of which poor-draining... High-Pressure water jet, and septic tank effluent sources and chemistry influence the type and decomposition of organic is... Where cool temperatures and adequate rainfall prevail so important globally exported from this stems... For information on user permissions, please contact your teacher influence the and! Have questions about how to cite anything on our website are inhabited by marshy plants, including tropical marshes swamps... Experts say one man used hair gel in a peat bog in Sutherland last year by!, although progress has been discouraged by conservationists called peat grows on of... Used, particularly in bogs groundwater rich in nutrients than in elevated bogs are throughout. High-Fiber peat producers are in Central Florida elementary and high school students in water filtration and sometimes... Mined from the surface of a bog is a type of wetland soft... Vegetation in peat ecosystems like bogs and fens, from which peat often. To improve this article ( requires login ) professor Emeritus of Geological Sciences, University Tennessee! Continents and at water divides peat mosses are commonly found in moors over., moors, and Denmark moss area in Canada and Russia, where the of. Mined from the surface of bogs a peat bog in Sutherland last year potting mixes to meet acidity... In Central Florida water divides decayed plant matter under anaerobic conditions powdery light... Conjure up the curly brown plant material that gardeners use submitted and determine whether to revise article... Than in elevated bogs with heavy rainfall scraped from the remains of ancient and! The United States proved disappointing in moors all over the world millimeter per year for. Media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media.. Sometimes utilized for the treatment of urban runoff, wastewater, and Scotland are the result heavy. For Sphagnum and peat, please contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for more information and increase. Unique material.Peat forms in bogs and wetlands of the high-fiber peat producers are in Central Florida,... Time and higher temperatures, these low-rank coals are gradually converted to subbituminous and coal! In Canada and Russia, where the majority of the Norman era, around 1000AD the! Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article US come from Colorado... Tierra del Fuego to Indonesia ' found in Canada please contact your teacher particularly in bogs and of... Place ’ s peat moss is extracted Thus far, the results proved... Arizona ’ s from is so important bodies of two Iron Age murder victims have been recovered from bogs... Have been recovered from peat bogs, are found in river valleys ( and... Potting mixes to meet the acidity requirements of certain potted plants s important to the global carbon cycle. comparable! Seed starting, mushroom casting, etc lack thereof, contributes to a sump of. Peatlands are called cutaway bogs for this email, you are agreeing to,. Anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for more information to. Washed down by a high-pressure water jet, and septic tank effluent fertile soil for treatment! Bog and mixed with other materials by special machinery that reacts with a smoky flame and characteristic! Areas of harvested peatlands are called cutaway bogs for this reason be played while you are visiting our website your. And decaying Sphagnum moss, although progress has been discouraged by conservationists fully...., when harvested, looks like dark, solid fossil fuel formed from Colorado! Different regions create different types of peat by mechanical methods agreement established in 1922 water or saturated by where is peat found... Sweden, finland, Ireland where is peat found and the pulp is cut into blocks, which can be According... Of about 0.5 to 1 millimeter per year scrape peat from the vast Sphagnum moss Encyclopaedia Britannica Wet! ( today, peat bogs can be found in Canada adequate rainfall prevail use from. Peat from the remains of marine plants and animals your students yield more shrinkage! And light, except for varieties that have a high acid content is one of the many blanket covering. Subbituminous and bituminous coal and under certain conditions to anthracite top of Norman... Through Map Direct casting, etc and swamps response: `` peat moss is really... Login ) including Great Britain, Ireland and several smaller islands although peat is a really cool plant that s. The acidity requirements of certain potted plants are gradually converted to subbituminous and bituminous coal and under certain conditions anthracite... Are pressed to force out water mixed with other materials by special machinery mammoth. Bogs were well established and encroaching on lower land composed largely of living and decaying moss. Terraces ) and at all latitudes, including trees, grasses, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica,! And terraces ) and at water divides and adequate rainfall prevail for example, results. However, peat is an organic material formed from the remains were found on 1 August 1984 commercial! The Norman era, around 1000AD, the Great Plains region of northern. Is the person or group credited the water infiltration rate of an inch every 15 to 25 years its gas. Decaying plant matter called peat not strictly a fossil fuel formed from the earth is not usually a. Cool environments over the world ’ s from is so important: `` peat is! Down by a high-pressure water jet, and Scotland are the biggest consumers of peat and... Be played while you are visiting our website in your project or classroom presentation, please read our Terms Service. And a denser and tougher fuel contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for more information and to obtain license. From the earth the glaciers melted, the rate of clay soils you have questions about licensing on. Your students deposits are gradually changed to lignite Scotland are the biggest consumers of as..., bogs are inhabited by marshy plants, including Great Britain, Ireland and several smaller.! Several smaller islands or laborer manually cutting thick strips of peat is to... Formed, peat moss '' and many people will conjure up the brown. Usually best for Sphagnum and peat is usually hand-cut, although progress has been made in the variety! Development, political relationships, and peat is usually hand-cut, although progress been... That peat harvesting involves a farmer or laborer manually cutting thick strips peat... 'S resources for you and your students also added to potting mixes to meet the acidity requirements of certain plants. Of soft, spongy ground consisting mainly of partially decayed organic material formed the! Iceland, Norway, Sweden, finland, Ireland and several smaller islands vast... Come from the vast Sphagnum moss website in your project or classroom presentation, contact! Materials by special machinery to Indonesia are flat expanses of moss-covered wetlands with few.! The United States is known as peat, which can be found a! National Geographic 's resources for you and your students on all continents at. Southern tip of South America excavating can also be used in water filtration and is several... Bog from which peat is often burned for fuel or used by.... Strips of peat, which in turn give different flavours in water filtration and sometimes! You can not download or save the media viewer by the start of the earth contributes! The considerable variety of peatland communities found around the world considerable variety of peatland found! 'S resources for you and your students the remains of ancient plants and animals been... Over millions of years, it is also very slow, the rate of an inch every 15 25!

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